AHP Resources - Injury Management

Welcome to the Sport PEI Athlete Health and Wellness Program’s Resource Library. Our goal is to provide developing athletes, their parents, and their coaches with current, evidence based resources on a range of topics in sports medicine and performance. When possible we will provide links to resource sources that are national or international organizations that work to continue to provide the most current evidence available (eg. CCES for current prohibited drug listings).

As always, we recommend that you seek out qualified medical and sport science personnel when you are injured and need help. These resources are meant to provide education but never replace the importance of seeking expert help when you are injured, or need training or performance advice.

We will be adding resources as quickly as possible, so check back regularly, and also send any questions you would like answered  or resources you are looking for to Sport PEI at SportPEIAHP@gmail.com.

How to Manage an Immediate Injury

What is done in the first 24-48 hours following an athletic injury is very important and can often reduce the time of recovery by weeks. As always, if you have a significant injury you should seek medical attention immediately, but if you have a sprain or strain, the acronym P.O.L.I.C.E. can be used to help guide you in managing the immediate injury to encourage speedy recovery.


Have you or someone you know suffered a concussion.   Rather than providing a comprehensive resource on Concussions here, we have chosen to provide links to two excellent  Canadian Websites who are funded to stay current on latest research developments and have full time staff to educate people on recognizing , diagnosing, and managing concussions.

Returning-to-Sport after Covid-19

Athletes and sport organizations alike face a tremendous challenge when dealing with the Covid-19 virus. The SARS-COV-2 virus is a multi-organ pathogen, which can sometimes leave long-term effects  on the lungs, heart, brain, liver and kidneys.

How to Reduce Running Injuries

The thought of getting hurt or becoming injured while running is rarely thought of during the early days of childhood. Running as we get older becomes used for different goals, from using running for our cardio-vascular training for sports, and as a leisure activity to stay in shape.

Ice vs Heat for Recovery

If you’ve ever been confused about whether to apply ice or heat to an injury or painful area, you’re not alone. Both hot and cold therapies can be very beneficial for recovery, but there are some tips to keep in mind when deciding between the two, based on the most recent evidence.

Managing "Shin Splints"

Often incorrectly described as "shin splints", Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS) is an overuse injury usually caused by running or jumping. The condition is characterized by pain and tenderness in the lower leg, usually along the front medial edge of the shin. There are many potential causes of this overuse syndrome that are overviewed here.

What causes muscle cramps in exercise?

The answer to this question is actually … we aren’t sure. The research is relatively uncertain as to the cause. There are two theories. One theory is the it results from muscle dehydration and or electrolyte depletion with exercise. The more recent theory is that it results from muscle fatigue and altered neuromuscular control creating the cramp. It is likely that it is a combination of both.

Patellar Tendinopathy or "Jumpers Knee"

Patellar tendinopathy or “Jumper’s Knee” is a condition where the tendon that attaches from patella (Kneecap) to the front of the shin (tibia) becomes irritated and sore, usually from a lot of jumping.

As with most tendinopathies, pain starts when the tissues are not conditioned to handle that amount of volume or load of movement.